The financial capital of India has been thirsting for additional support to its public and mass transportation system. The Mumbai Metropolitan Region Development Authority (MMRDA) is going to quench that thirst as two new Metro rail line corridors will be available to the city very soon. Its trial will begin on Monday May 31, 2021 in the presence of Maharashtra Chief Minister Uddhav Thackeray.

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On trial run

Mumbai meets Metros

The MMRDA will begin testing on the Yellow line 2A and Red line 7 wherein oscillation trials of a prototype 6-Car train will be run at various speeds. The commissioning of both the lines is planned in 2 phases, the first phase of ~20 kms from Charkop depot / Dahanukarwadi to Aarey by September 2021 and balance complete line by January 2022.

The sub-systems, equipment will be tested under dynamic conditions. Integration with signalling, telecom and Platform Screen Doors will be tested along with different safety tests. The trail run for 19.7 kms from Charkop Depot to Aarey is planned on May 31 at the hands of Hon. Chief Minister.

This will cover 18 stations (9 stations of Line 2A {(10.5 kms) & 9 Stations of Line 7 (9.2 kms.)}. The Trial run will start from Aarey Station of Line 7 & end at Charkop Depot via Dahisar (E) station. This will act as an interchange between the two Metro lines passing over the Dahisar river, and railway lines.

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On trial run

The Yellow Metro line will have stations of Dahisar (E), Upper Dahisar, Kandarpada, Mandapeshwar, Eksar, Borivali (W), Pahadi, Eksar & Kandivali (W). While the stations falling on Red Metro line are Ovaripada, Rashtriya Udyan, Devipada, Magathane, Poisar, Akurli, Kurar, Dindoshi & Aarey. The priority stretch shall be commissioned by September this year. And the complete commissioning of 35kms of line 2A & line 7 shall happen by early next year.

Trains sets

The train-set will then be offered to commissioner of Railway Safety (CRS) for inspection and certification. A total of 10 train-sets will be available (ex BEML, Bangalore) by October, 2021 which shall supply 2 trains per month. The commercial public operations are planned in October, 2021 in this stretch (Dahanukarwadi to Aarey via Dahisar) on both lines. The trains and stations will available with all passenger facilities like Lifts, Escalators, Passenger Information System, Platform Screen Doors and AFC gates.

We have ensured that a robust trains are built for these two Metro corridors. BEML, Bangalore is making Metro Train sets for the first time under technical collaboration with HITACHI, Japan. Many of the crucial systems and components like Propulsion System, Air Suspension, Cables, Traction Control and Management System and Brake System Components are from Japan, Italy, South Korea and Germany. In case of Signalling and Telecom, the components are from France, Denmark, South Korea, Finland and Spain. Due to flight disruption and Covid restrictions, shipments of equipment and availability of Experts in India got effected for nearly a year. The synchronisation of propulsion and brake system is being done via Video Conferencing across three time zones of India, Europe and Japan.

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Flagging off by chief minister

After commissioning of various sub-systems and static testing, the prototype train set is also ready for dynamic trials on mainline. The Dynamic testing & trial–runs by BEML team will continue for about two months after which proto-type train will be offered to RDSO for mandatory performance & safety testing which will take another two months. Meanwhile station works and signalling & telecomm works will be completed.

Metro fights off pandemic and other issues

There were several challenges that MMRDA had to tackle and deal to ensure that Mumbai gets its well-deserved Metro rail lines. Some of the key challenges faced during construction of Line 2A were land acquisition on either side of Dhansakwadi Nalla, land acquisition of 3 meter wide strip of 350 meters in length on one side of Dahisar RoB and near the station, MCGM Sewage Treatment plant at DN Nagar for making interchange facilities with Metro Line 1, and 16 Ha land for Charkop depot. 

Likewise there were key issues that we had to deal with for ensuring timely completion of Metro Line 7 which were requirement of Depot Land at Malvani and Dahisar, Court stay on Gorai Land due to which Dahisar Land Could not be taken from AAI (NLU), we needed land at Kandivali, Goregaon East, Andheri (East), Borivali National Park and Dahisar (East) from various government, and private bodies. 

These also meant, seeking permissions from various agencies and organisations for tree cutting, Traffic police, reorientation of SWD around Depot, utility diversion. The MMRDA also came to aid of people where had to give up their property and we ensured that fair and proper R&R is provided to them. Some of the locations were R&R was given was for commercial shops near Dhansakwadi nalla, Dahisar RoB, Adarsh Nagar etc. Residential in Dahisar RoB & Adarsh Nagar, relocation of Anand Nagar Police beat Chowki.

Working towards growth

The viaduct, track and station work is on in the balance stretch of Lines 2A and 7. The entire network is expected to be ready for testing and trials by the end of December, 2021. Over 93% of Civil works for both these lines have been completed and system works are on-going in full swing.The Station Architectural and Internal finishes work is in progress, PEB work, and façade work are in progress. Track work, Signalling and transmission work of Systems is in also in full swing; simultaneously all the required testing and statutory approvals for the

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A view of the station with platform screen doors

Rolling stock is under progress.

As for the finances of implementing the two projects; the expenses incurred till April 30, 2021 for Metro Line 2A is – Rs 3525 Crore & and Metro Line 7 – Rs 2410 Crore. Despite of delays on account of Covid-19, Metro Line 2A & 7 is expected to be completed within the government sanctioned project cost.

Depot for Line 2A and 7

The maintenance depot on 16.40 hectares of land has been constructed for the stabling and maintenance of the trains at Charkop/Malwani & inaugurated by Hon. Chief Minister on January 29, 2021. This shall serve as common depot for Line 2A & 7. The facilities here will have six covered stabling lines & 12 open stabling lines for maintenance and stabling of 18 trains. Also 2 workshops lines, 3 inspection bay lines, 1 test track, pit wheel lathe, ETU unit, operation control room (OCC) & fully automatic washing plant are provided inside Depot.

Story behind MMRDA’s metro corridors

More than 12 million people (78% of the total) travel daily by Public Transport with modal share of 52% by Rail & 26% by Bus. The existing suburban system is under extreme pressure & the role of the bus system is mostly limited to providing feeder services to the Suburban railways. Due to geographical constraints, there is a limited scope to expand the existing road & rail network capacity.

Many pockets in Island City & Suburbs are not served by the rail network. A 12-Car suburban train having super dense crush capacity of about 2,400 persons (Standing + seating together) is carrying more than 5000 persons. Due to inadequate capacity of Mass Transit System, the share of public transport declined from 88% to 65% during the last two decades. On an average there are 12-15 deaths reported daily on Mumbai suburban rail system. This has resulted in exponential rise in private vehicles on the roads.

Mumbai Metro trials
Red Line 7 signage

With a view to provide safe, reliable and comfortable rail based mass transit system to the people of Mumbai and to supplement the Mumbai Suburban Rail System, MMRDA prepared a Master Plan of implementing the Metro Network of 14 Lines for connectivity in all directions of around 337.1 Kms. Around 1.2 crore trips are estimated daily on Metro Network by year 2031 and costing around 1.4 lakh crore.

Mumbai Metro Line 2A&7 was sanctioned by GoM on October 6, 2015 and Bhoomipujan was performed by Hon’ble Prime Minister of India on October 11, 2015. These project will help ease in traffic congestion on one of the busiest routes through Western Expressway road of Mumbai from Andheri to Dahisar.

After approval from State Government in 2015, contracts were awarded in May’2016. As per original approval project was to be completed by 2019. Considering Mumbai’s challenges, any infrastructure work on heavy traffic and congested roads would take more than 5 years. Unlike any road or flyover, metro work is complex and involves work with 17-18 sub agencies and multiple approvals from RDSO, Railways, CMRS, other departments etc. from time to time.

After completion of Power Supply Network and Overhead Wiring Work and its inspection and certification by Electrical Inspector to Government of India (EIG), the Phase –I section from Dahanukarwadi to Dahisar of Line 2A and Dahisar to Aarey of Line 7 is now ready for dynamic trials on up Line.

Salient Features

Line 2A –

Corridor –Dahisar East to DN Nagar

Length – 18.6 Kms (Fully Elevated)

Depot –Chakop

Total Stations– 17 Nos (Andheri (West), Lower Oshiwara, Oshiwara, Goregaon

(West), Pahadi Goregaon, Lower Malad, Malad (West), Valnai, Dahanukarwadi,

Kandivali (West), PahadiEksar, Borivali (West), Eksar, Mandapeshwar,

Kandarpada, Upper Dahisar and Dahisar (East))

Interchange Station -Line 1 at DN Nagar Station, Line-6 at Shastri Nagar Station near Lokhandwala& Line 7 at Dahisar Station

Completion Cost – Rs 6410 Crore

Daily Ridership -~ 6.09 lakhs by 2031

Rolling Stock – 6 coaches in each train

Line 7- 

Corridor –Andheri to Dahisar

Length – 16.5 Kms (Fully Elevated along Western Express highway)

Depot –Chakop

Total Stations– 13 Nos (Gundavali, Mogra, Jogeshwari (East), Goregaon (East),

Aarey, Dindoshi, Kurar, Akurli, Poisar, Magathane, Devipada, RashtriyaUdyan and Ovaripada)

Interchange Station -Line 1 at Andheri East Station, Line-6 at Jogeshwari East (JVLR) Station and connect Line 2A at Dahisar Station

Completion Cost – INR 6208 Cores

Daily Ridership -~ 6.68 lakhs by 2031

Rolling Stock – 6 coaches in each train

Fare Structure

The details of Passenger Fare Structure for Metro Lines approved by the State Government are as below:

Kms                      Rs

0-3                        10

3-12                     20

12-18                   30

18-24                     40

24-30                     50

30-36                    60

36-42                   70

42 Above             80

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